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Special Characters

ISO-8859-1 character set. These Characters should be used in HTML documents, instead of typing them regularly. The second chart was included in HTML 4.0 specifications, and should be supported by newer browsers. The first chart, however should be compatible with all browsers.

number name description appearance
�- - unused -
	 - horizontal tab space

 - line feed space
- - unused -
  - space space
! - exclamation mark !
" " quotation mark "
# - number sign #
$ - dollar sign $
% - percent sign %
& & ampersand &
' - apostrophe '
( - left parenthesis (
) - right parenthesis )
* - asterisk *
+ - plus sign +
, - comma ,
- - hyphen -
. - period (full stop) .
/ - solidus (slash) /
0-9 - digits (0-9) 0 - 9
: - colon :
&#59; - semi-colon ;
&#60; &lt; less than <
&#61; - equals sign =
&#62; &gt; greater than >
&#63; - question mark ?
&#64; - commercial at @
&#65;-&#90; - upper case a-z a - z
&#91; - left square bracket [
&#92; - reverse solidus (backslash) \
&#93; - right square bracket ]
&#94; - caret ^
&#95; - horizontal bar _
&#96; - acute accent `
&#97;-&#122; - lower case a-z a - z
&#123; - left curly brace {
&#124; - vertical bar |
&#125; - right curly brace }
&#126; - tilde ~
&#127;-&#159; - unused -
&#160; &nbsp; non-breaking space  
&#161; &iexcl; inverted exclamation ¡
&#162; &cent; cent sign ¢
&#163; &pound; pound sterling sign £
&#164; &curren; general currency sign ¤
&#165; &yen; yen sign ¥
&#166; &brvbar; broken vertical bar ¦
&#167; &sect; section sign §
&#168; &uml; umlaut (dierisis) ¨
&#169; &copy; copyright ©
&#170; &ordf; feminine ordinal ª
&#171; &laquo; left angle quote, guillemot left «
&#172; &not; not sign ¬
&#173; &shy; soft hyphen ­
&#174; &reg; registered trademark ®
&#175; &macr; macron accent ¯
&#176; &deg; degree sign °
&#177; &plusmn; plus or minus ±
&#178; &sup2; superscript two ²
&#179; &sup3; superscript three ³
&#180; &acute; acute accent ´
&#181; &micro; micro sign µ
&#182; &para; paragraph sign
&#183; &middot; middle dot ·
&#184; &cedil; cedilla ¸
&#185; &sup1; superscript one ¹
&#186; &ordm; masculine ordinal º
&#187; &raquo; right angle quote, guillemot right »
&#188; &frac14; fraction (one quarter) ¼
&#189; &frac12; fraction (one half) ½
&#190; &frac34; fraction (three quarters) ¾
&#191; &iquest; inverted question mark ¿
&#192; &agrave; capital a, grave accent À
&#193; &aacute; capital a, acute accent Á
&#194; &acirc; capital a, circumflex accent Â
&#195; &atilde; capital a, tilde Ã
&#196; &auml; capital a, umlaut (dierisis) Ä
&#197; &aring; capital a, ring Å
&#198; &aelig; capital ae dipthong (ligature) Æ
&#199; &ccedil; capital c, cedilla Ç
&#200; &egrave; capital e, grave accent È
&#201; &eacute; capita e, acute accent É
&#202; &eirc; capital e, circumflex accent Ê
&#203; &euml; capital e, umlaut (dierisis) Ë
&#204; &igrave; capital i, grave accent Ì
&#205; &iacute; capital i, acute accent Í
&#206; &icirc; capital i, circumflex accent Î
&#207; &iuml; capital i, umlaut (dierisis) Ï
&#208; &eth; capital eth, icelandic Ð
&#209; &ntilde; capital n, tilde Ñ
&#210; &ograve; capital o, grave accent Ò
&#211; &oacute capital o, acute accent Ó
&#212; &ocirc; capital o, circumflex accent Ô
&#213; &otilde; capital o, tilde Õ
&#214; &ouml; capital o, umlaut (dierisis) Ö
&#215; &times; multiply sign ×
&#216; &oslash; capital o, slash Ø
&#217; &ugrave capital u, grave accent Ù
&#218; &uacute; capital u, acute accent Ú
&#219; &ucirc; capital u, circumflex accent Û
&#220; &uuml; capital u, umlaut (dierisis) Ü
&#221; &yacute; capital y, acute accent Ý
&#222; &thorn; capital thorn, icelandic Þ
&#223; &szlig; small sharp s, german (sz ligature) ß
&#224; &agrave; small a, grave accent à
&#225; &aacute; small a, acute accent á
&#226; &acirc; small a, circumflex accent â
&#227; &atilde; small a, tilde ã
&#228; &auml small a, umlaut (dierisis) ä
&#229; &aring; small a, ring å
&#230; &aelig; small ae dipthong (ligature) æ
&#231; &ccedil; small c, cedilla ç
&#232; &egrave; small e, grave accent è
&#233; &eacute; small e, acute accent é
&#234; &ecirc; small e, circumflex accent ê
&#235; &euml; small e, umlaut (dierisis) ë
&#236; &igrave; small i, grave accent ì
&#237; &iacute; small i, acute accent í
&#238; &icirc; small i, circumflex accent î
&#239; &iuml; small i, umlaut (dierisis) ï
&#240; &eth; small eth, icelandic ð
&#241; &ntilde; small n, tilde ñ
&#242; &ograve; small o, grave accent ò
&#243; &oacute; small o, acute accent ó
&#244; &ocirc; small o, circumflex accent ô
&#245; &otilde; small o, tilde õ
&#246; &ouml; small o, umlaut (dierisis) ö
&#247; &divide; division sign ÷
&#248; &oslash; small o, slash ø
&#249; &ugrave; small u, grave accent ù
&#250; &uacute; small u, acute accent ú
&#251; &ucirc; small u, circumflex accent û
&#252; &uuml; small u, umlaut (dierisis) ü
&#253; &yacute; small y, acute accent ý
&#254; &thorn; small thorn, icelandic þ
&#255; &yuml; small y, umlaut (dierisis) ÿ
&#338; &oelig; latin capital oe (ligature) Œ
&#339; &oelig; latin small oe (ligature) œ
&#352; &scaron; capital s with caron Š
&#353; &scaron; small s with caron š
&#376; &yuml; capital y with dierisis Ÿ
&#710; &circ; circumflex accent ˆ
&#732; &tilde; small tilde ˜
&#8211; &ndash; en dash
&#8212; &mdash; em dash
&#8216; &lsquo; left single quotation mark
&#8217; &rsquo; right single quotation mark
&#8218; &sbquo; single low-9 quotation mark
&#8220; &ldquo; left double quotation mark
&#8221; &rdquo; right double quotation mark
&#8222; &bdquo; double low-9 quotation mark
&#8224; &dagger; dagger
&#8225; &dagger; double dagger
&#8240; &permil; per mille (thousand) sign
&#8249; &lsaquo; single left-pointing angle quotation mark
&#8250; &rsaquo; single right-pointing angle quotation mark
&#8364; &euro; euro sign*

number name description appearance
&#402; &fnof; florin (latin small f with hook) ƒ
&#913; &alpha; greek capital alpha Α
&#914; &beta; greek capital beta Β
&#915; &gamma; greek capital gamma Γ
&#916; &delta; greek capital delta Δ
&#917; &epsilon; greek capital epsilon Ε
&#918; &zeta; greek capital zeta Ζ
&#919; &eta; greek capital eta Η
&#920; &theta; greek capital theta Θ
&#921; &iota; greek capital iota Ι
&#922; &kappa; greek capital kappa Κ
&#923; &lambda; greek capital lambda Λ
&#924; &mu; greek capital mu Μ
&#925; &nu; greek capital nu Ν
&#926; &xi; greek capital xi Ξ
&#927; &omicron; greek capital omicron Ο
&#928; &pi; greek capital pi Π
&#929; &rho; greek capital rho Ρ
&#931; &sigma; greek capital sigma Σ
&#932; &tau; greek capital tau Τ
&#933; &upsilon; greek capital upsilon Υ
&#934; &phi; greek capital phi Φ
&#935; &chi; greek capital chi Χ
&#936; &psi; greek capital psi Ψ
&#937; &omega; greek capital omega Ω
&#945; &alpha; greek small alpha α
&#946; &beta; greek small beta β
&#947; &gamma; greek small gamma γ
&#948; &delta; greek small delta δ
&#949; &epsilon; greek small epsilon ε
&#950; &zeta; greek small zeta ζ
&#951; &eta; greek small eta η
&#952; &theta; greek small theta θ
&#953; &iota; greek small iota ι
&#954; &kappa; greek small kappa κ
&#955; &lambda; greek small lambda λ
&#956; &mu; greek small mu μ
&#957; &nu; greek small nu ν
&#958; &xi; greek small xi ξ
&#959; &omicron; greek small omicron ο
&#960; &pi; greek small pi π
&#961; &rho; greek small rho ρ
&#962; &sigma; greek small final sigma ς
&#963; &sigma; greek small sigma σ
&#964; &tau; greek small tau τ
&#965; &upsilon; greek small upsilon υ
&#966; &phi; greek small phi φ
&#967; &chi; greek small chi χ
&#968; &psi; greek small psi ψ
&#969; &omega; greek small omega ω
&#977; &thetasym; greek theta symbol ϑ
&#978; &upsih; greek upsilon with hook ϒ
&#982; &piv; greek pi symbol ϖ
&#8194; &ensp; en space
&#8195; &emsp; em space
&#8201; &thinsp; thin space
&#8204; &zwnj; zero width non-joiner
&#8205; &zwj; zero width joiner
&#8206; &lrm; left-to-right mark
&#8207; &rlm; right-to-left mark
&#8226; &bull; small black circle
&#8230; &hellip; horizontal ellipsis
&#8242; &prime; prime = minutes = feet
&#8254; &oline; overline = spacing overscore
&#8260; &frasl; fraction slash
&#8472; &weierp; script capital p = weierstrass p
&#8465; &image; blackletter capital i (imaginary part)
&#8476; &real; blackletter capital r (real part)
&#8482; &trade; trademark symbol
&#8501; &alefsym; alef symbol = first transfinite
&#8592; &larr; leftwards arrow
&#8593; &uarr; upwards arrow
&#8594; &rarr; rightwards arrow
&#8595; &darr; downwards arrow
&#8596; &harr; left right arrow
&#8629; &crarr; donwards arrow with corner leftwards
&#8656; &larr; leftwards double arrow
&#8657; &uarr; upwards double arrow
&#8658; &rarr; rightwards double arrow
&#8659; &darr; downwards double arrow
&#8660; &harr; left right double arrow
&#8704; &forall; for all
&#8706; &part; partial differential
&#8707; &exist; there exists
&#8709; &empty; empty set
&#8711; &nabla; nabla = backward difference
&#8712; &isn; element of...
&#8713; &notin; not an elementof
&#8715; &ni; contains as member
&#8719; &prod; n-ary product = product sign
&#8721; &sum; n-ary summation
&#8722; &minus; minus sign
&#8730; &radic; square root = radical sign
&#8733; &prop; proportional to
&#8734; &infin; infinity symbol
&#8736; &ang; angle
&#8743; &and; logical and = wedge
&#8744; &or; logical or = vee
&#8745; &cap; intersection
&#8746; &cup; union = cup
&#8747; &int; integral
&#8756; &there4; therefore
&#8764; &sim; tilde operator
&#8773; &cong; approximately equal to
&#8776; &asymp; almost equal to = asymptotic
&#8800; &ne; not equal to
&#8801; &equiv; identical to
&#8804; &le; less than or euqal to
&#8805; &ge; greater than or equal to
&#8834; &sub; subset of
&#8835; &sup; superset of
&#8836; &nsub; not a subset of
&#8838; &sube; subset of or equal to
&#8839; &supe; superset of or equal to
&#8853; &oplus; circle plus
&#8855; &otimes; circled times
&#8869; &perp; othogonal = perpendicular to
&#8901; &sdot; dot operator
&#8968; &lceil; left ceiling
&#8969; &rceil; right ceiling
&#8970; &lfloor; left floor
&#8971; &rfloor; right floor
&#9001; &lang; left pointing angle bracket
&#9002; &rang; right pointing angle bracket
&#9674; &loz; lozenge
&#9824; &spades; black spade suit
&#9827; &clubs; black clubs suit
&#9829; &hearts; black hearts suit
&#9830; &diams; black diamonds suit

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